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Elliott, Bruce, 2004-2005: Emigrant Recruitment by the New Brunswick Land
The Pioneer Settlers of Stanley and Harvey.


The Company's New Brunswick commissioner, E.N. Kendall, a retired naval lieutenant (33), personally visited the counties of Northumberland, England and Haddington and Edinburgh (the Lothians) in Scotland in February 1836. (34)   Kendall was accompanied by David Stuart, one of the Company directors, when he visited Ford Castle, Northumberland "for the purpose of engaging Families to settle on the Companys Lands".   They did not advertise in the newspapers, but circulated printed prospectuses and leaflets.   The Company promised lots of 100 acres with 5 acres cleared and a log house ready for the emigrants' reception, and a lease for 50 years at a rent of 1s. per acre, with an option to purchase the freehold at 20 years purchase.   They also promised employment on road works, provisions at moderate prices, and medical assistance, and offered to advance as a loan the cost of passage. (35)  It does not appear that any Scots from Haddington or Edinburgh joined in the emigration, and the group Kendall recruited was referred to as the Berwick, or north of England settlers.

Title page of the New Brunswick Land Company's 1834 brochure, Practical information respecting New Brunswick.

Source : CIHM N.21463

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In his second annual report to the Court of Proprietors (at what we would call the Company's annual general meeting), at London on 10 March 1836, Kendall reported:

I have much pleasure in stating that there will be a very considerable
emigration of, principally, farmers from those quarters to the Company's
lands this season; and those whom I have seen and conversed with
are the best adapted for settlers, being persons of industrious habits,
and accompanied by their wives and families and friends.   I consider
that there are fully as many as we can find room for this season; and I
receive assurances that, if favourable reports were transmitted by these
people, there would be a great increase in subsequent years. (36)


(33) Lieut. Edward Nicholas Kendall, R.N. was a surveyor by training and had served in that capacity on a number of Arctic and Antarctic expeditions with Sir John Franklin and others.   After returning to England he applied in 1838 for a return to naval service, but appears to have gone to South Australia as an employee of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners.   Such shifts of employment between private and governmental emigration and settlement agencies, and from one colony to another, was by no means uncommon.   C.O. 188/61, ff. 345-52, reel B-15.   Kendall was married in 1832 at St Alphage, Greenwich, Kent, to Mary Anne Kay (IGI), and a daughter was baptized in Saint John in 1834. He died in Southampton, England in 1845, as marine superintendent of the Peninsula and Oriental Steam Company.   Obituary, The Times, 15   February 1845, p. 7.

(34) General Report, CIHM N.8808, 28.

(35) Their offer was nonetheless reported in the Berwick Advertiser, 14 May 1836, p. 4, col. 3.

(36) General Report, CIHM N.8808, 28-9.