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Descendents of William James Patterson (6 Mar 1812 - 11 Dec 1892)
and Sarah Ann Jane Dibblee (3 May 1820- 8 Nov 1855)

Return to WWI Service Record of Carrol "Carl" Patterson

Zeeland / Northland / Minnesota

The Zeeland was built for the Red Star Line by John Brown & Co. of Glasgow.

The Zeeland was launched in 1900 and made her maiden voyage from Antwerp to New York on 13 April 1901. She remained in Red Star service, on that route, until April 1910, when she was transferred to the White Star Line as a temporary replacement for Republic II, which had been lost at sea a year earlier. After a summer of Liverpool-Boston service for White Star, she returned to Red Star and resumed her old Antwerp-New York duties.

After the August 1914 outbreak of World War I, Zeeland was reflagged as a British ship, and sailed from Liverpool to New York in September. Shifting to the White Star-Dominion Line, Zeeland first sailed from Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal in November, and from Liverpool to Halifax and Portland in December and January 1915. In early 1915, Zeeland, though her name was Dutch, was renamed to the less German-sounding SS Northland. Sailing for the International Navigation Company, the liner continued on the Liverpool–Halifax–Portland service through June before returning to the Liverpool–Quebec–Montreal route.

In April 1917, Northland was taken over by the Shipping Controller under the Liner Requisition Scheme and used as a troop ship and began Liverpool-Halifax service. She returned to commercial service in February 1919, on the American Line's Liverpool-Philadelphia service for four months and was then withdrawn for refitting. She returned to Red Star service in August, 1920 on the Antwerp-New York run, renamed once again as the Zeeland. Zeeland was sold to Atlantic Transport Line, renamed Minnesota, and placed on ATL's London-New York service. The ship was withdrawn from service in 1929 and scrapped in 1930.

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Summary of Ship History


Name: 1901: SS Zeeland

1915: SS Northland
1920: SS Zeeland
1927: SS Minnesota

Owner: International Mercantile Marine Co.

Operator: 1901: Red Star Line
1910: White Star Line
1911: Red Star Line
1914: White Star Line-Dominion
1915: International Navigation Co.
1916: White Star Line-Dominion
1919: American Line
1920: Atlantic Transport Line
Port of Registry: 1901: United Kingdom
1912: Belgium
1914: United Kingdom
Route: 1901: Antwerp–Dover–New York
1910: Liverpool–Boston
1911: Antwerp–Dover–New York
1914: Liverpool–Quebec–Montreal
1915: Liverpool–Halifax–Portland
1917: Liverpool–Halifax
1919: Liverpool–Philadelphia
1920: Antwerp–Southampton–New York
1927: London–New York

Builder: John Brown & Company
Clydebank, Scotland
Launched: 24 November 1900
Maiden voyage: Antwerp–New York, 13 April 1901
Fate: Scrapped at Inverkeithing, 1930


Class and type: Passenger Cargo Vessel
Tonnage: 11,905 GT (gross tonnage)
Length: 561.6 ft (171.2 m)
Beam: 60.2 ft (18.3 m)
Propulsion: two quadruple-expansion steam engines
twin screw propellors
Speed: 15 knots (28 km/h)

Passengers (as built):

* 342 first class
* 194 second class
* 626 third class

Crew: 121
Notes: two funnels, four masts


Page last updated 30 Dec 2008
Contact Tim Patterson <tim.patterson@carleton.ca> to provide additions or corrections.