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Descendants of George Cleghorn (b. ca 7 Aug 1768 - bef 1841)
and Jane Dickson (b ca 1783 - after 1851)


Five generation Cleghorn genealogy in a
single pdf or MS Word file.


In addition to the abbreviated 4 generation genealogy presented here see also a more detailed genealogy in:

*Cleghorn, R. 1982. George Cleghorn and Descendants (1819-1982). Larsen Printing Woodstock, N.B. First Edition.

*This book is out of print but is available below as a MS Word or pdf download. For further information on the Cleghorn family and post-1982 family history please contact Ruth Cleghorn Ker at (jackruth@nbnet.nb.ca)


R. Cleghorn (1982) as a
single pdf or MS Word file.

Link to maps showing relative concentration of the
Cleghorn surname in the United Kingdom in 1881 and 1998.

Second Generation

Entry last updated 8 June 2008
Please contact Tim Patterson (tim.patterson@carleton.ca)
to provide additional data, or to correct any errors.

1. George Cleghorn.
Born 7 Aug 1768 in Makerston, Roxburgh, Scotland. Son of William Cleghorn & Margaret Johnston. Occupation Labourer In Waterfoot, Scotland.

George Cleghorn, Labourer in Waterfoot, and his wife Jane Dickson's children were registered in the parochial registers of Eckford in Roxburghshire. (Researched by Bruce Elliott, 2004.)
From parochial registers of Eckford in Roxburghshire, Scotland (researched by Bruce Elliott, 2004): George Cleghorn Labourer in Waterfoot and Jane Dickson his wife their Child Born the 16th of Augt 1820 and Bapt. The 24th of Sept 1820 named George."

He married Jane Dickson. Born ca 1781 (1851 census) or 1783 (1841 census), in Kelso (1851 census). Died after 1851. At the time of the 1841 census Jane was living with her children George and Agnes and was being "supported by her sons" at Ormiston. The households of her son William and daughter Janet "Jessie" Wood were on either side of her at Ormiston making such support feasible. By the time of the 1851 census she was living in the household of her now widowed daughter Janet "Jessie" Wood and was listed as a pauper although she may have been making some living as a house servant.

Map showing location of Eckford, Makerstoun and Yetholm. George Cleghorn Sr. was born in Makerston, Roxburghshire. His wife Jane Dixon was born in Kelso. Most of their children were born in Eckford. Google map compiled: Tim Patterson, 23 May 2008.
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In 1851 Census: SCT 1851/787 Eckford-Roxburghshire, Eckford Parish; Address: Old Ormiston: Jane was 70 years old, widowed, and living with her daughter Jess Wood and family.

They had the following children:
2 i. Janet "Jessie" Cleghorn
3 ii. William Cleghorn
4 iii. Mary Cleghorn
5 iv. Robert Cleghorn
6 v. Alexander Cleghorn
7 vi. George Cleghorn
8 vii. Agnes Cleghorn


Census Returns:


1841 Census    
Piece: SCT1841/787 Place: Eckford-Roxburghshire Parish Number : 787
Civil Parish: Eckford, Roxburghshire Folio: 1 Page: 1 2
Address: Ormiston    
Surname First name(s) Sex Age Occupation Where Born Remarks
Cleghorn Jane F 58 Supported By Her Sons Roxburghshire Occupation: crossed out on census
Cleghorn George M 20 Labourer Roxburghshire  
Cleghorn Agnes F 17 Bondager Or Ag. Lab. Roxburghshire  

Notes: The United Kingdom Census of 1841 recorded the occupants of every UK household on the night of June 6, 1841. It was described as the "first modern census" in that it was the first to record information about every member of the household and because it was administered as a single event, under central control, rather than being devolved to a local level. It formed the model for all subsequent UK censuses, although each went on to refine and expand the questions asked of householders.

It was important for early demographic analysis of the UK population and remains of interest to historians, demographers and genealogists, although the information about each person is quite limited compared with that available from later censuses.

Forms were delivered to every household a few days before the day of the census. These were to be completed by the householder and collected by the enumerator on 7 June, the day after the census. The enumerator would help in the completion of the form if, for example, the householder was illiterate.

The 1841 census recorded people's names, age, sex, occupation, and if they were born "in county". Ages over 15 were to be rounded down to the nearest 5 years so, for example, someone aged 63 should be recorded as aged 60. However, not all enumerators followed this instruction and exact ages may have been recorded as was the case with the entry for the Cleghorn family above.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_Census_1841



1851 Census    
Piece: SCT1851/787 Place: Eckford-Roxburghshire Enumeration District : 1
Civil Parish: Eckford Ecclesiastical Parish : Eckford Page: 21
Address: Old Ormiston Folio: 0 Schedule: 84
Surname First name(s) Rel Status Sex Age Occupation Where Born
Wood Jess Head W F 45 Annuitant Roxburghshire Roxburgh
Wood Alexander Son - M 15 Draper (Apprentice) Roxburghshire
Wood George Son - M 12 Scholar Roxburghshire Eckford
Cleghorn Jane Mother W F 70 Pauper (Hse Servnt) Roxburghshire Kelso



Source: www.ancestry.com

Notes: The United Kingdom Census of 1851 recorded the people residing in every household on the night of March 30, 1851, and was the second of the UK censuses to include details of household members. However, this census added considerably to the fields recorded in the earlier 1841 census, providing additional details of ages, relationships and origins, making the 1851 census a rich source of information for both demographers and genealogists.

The 1851 census was the first to record the full details of birth location for individuals. Where 1841 had only recorded if an individual was born in county, the 1851 census states the county and parish or town of birth as well.

The 1851 census was the first to record each person's marital status and relationship to the head of the household, as well as details of disability being recorded — with a field for recording the information that an individual was "blind, deaf or imbecile". Each individual's exact age was also recorded (to the nearest year) rather than rounding adult ages down to the nearest five years.

In 1851, much greater detail was asked about people's occupations than in previous censuses. This enabled government analysis of occupations into "classes" and "sub-classes". Masters in trade and manufacture were asked to state the word "master" after the description of their occupation and to state the number of men employed on the day of the census.

The Government also conducted a census of attendance at religious services on 30 March 1851, as part of the project.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_Census_1851